Prevalence of preoperative anxiety and its contributing factors in adult patients undergoing elective orthopaedic surgery at an academic hospital in South Africa: a pilot study

The preoperative period is from when a patient is informed, they require surgery until the time the operation commences. During this waiting period, which can be lengthy for elective surgery, anxiety tends to increase as the day of the operation approaches and is often at its highest in the 24 hours before the surgery.

Scorpion venom component: AGAP exhibits local anaesthetic effects and attenuates nociceptive pain

Peripheral and regional anaesthesia are widely used techniques in anaesthesia to selectively numb a particular nerve distribution or section of the body to facilitate surgery or manage an existing pain. These techniques provide many benefits to patients, including superior perioperative pain control, reduction of systemic effects of surgical stress after certain types of surgery, and reduction of general anaesthesia-related side effects.

A prospective descriptive study on emergency medicines used most frequently from the emergency medicine packs at Universitas Academic Hospital and the associated financial loss of expired emergency medicines

Cardiopulmonary arrest is the abrupt loss of cardiac and respiratory function and requires immediate intervention for successful resuscitation. In-hospital cardiac arrest has a poor outcome, with survival to hospital discharge estimated to be 25.8% in the adult population and 37.9% in the paediatric population in the USA.

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on theatre use at the Rahima Moosa Mother and Child Hospital

SARS-COV-2 was identified by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 31 December 2019. Within three months, a global pandemic was declared. In South Africa, a national state of disaster was announced, and a national“lockdown”was implemented on 27 March 2020. Subsequently, elective surgeries were cancelled, non-essential clinics were closed, and staff and resources were redirected towards combatting COVID-19.

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Southern African Journal of Anaesthesia and Analgesia - July/August 2023 Vol 29 No 4